The Center

Protecting the Nation’s Success Story

Here in the land of Israel, we returned and built a nation. Here, in the land of Israel, we established a state. The land of the prophets, which bequeathed to the world the values of morality, law and justice, was after two thousand years, restored to its lawful owner – the members of the Jewish people, On its land, we have built an exceptional national home and state.” Prime Minister, Yitzchak Rabin.

Introduction

The central region in Israel is viewed by many as the economic, commercial and cultural hub of the country. It is here that Israel’s advanced market economy is forged with its highly-skilled human capital. This is the region whose tales portray a modern, short, success story, following a history that spans 3,000 years.

Originally the land assigned to the tribe of Dan in Biblical times, Isaiah describes the central region as the ultimate symbol of beauty. Stretching from Haifa in the north to Ashdod in the south and to Samaria in the east, it is the most densely populated region in Israel.  It boasts fertile farm land, soft, sandy beaches and a subtropical, Mediterranean climate with an average of 300 days of sun per year.

The region represents the heart of a flourishing, small-scale metropolis. It is critical therefore to keep this central region connected to the eastern parts of the country, without borders in the middle.

Key Facts:

  • A total of 40.7% of Israel’s population live in the central region of the country (excluding Haifa) out of which 48.5% are Jewish. (Central Bureau of Statistics, 2007)
  • There is less land available in this region for development, increasing the value of property and assuring higher returns on investment.
  • Property in mixed cities such as Lod, Ramla, Haifa and Jaffa is considered cheaper than other cities in the region as a result of volatile conflicts between the two demographic groups that often arise.  
  • It is critical to retain Jewish ownership of land near main roads and expand Jewish villages to strengthen the Jewish presence.

Regional Highlights

  • Over 2.9 million people live in the central region of Israel (excluding Haifa).
  • The central region contains some of the largest, most successful agricultural settlements in the country.
  • The region boasts some of the world’s most attractive and exhilarating beach cities, attracting millions of tourists annually.
  • The world’s first underwater museum, which took more than three decades to excavate, is found in Caesarea. Divers can enjoy the remains of the famous harbor built by King Herod in honor of Caesar Augustus.
  • The region is home to the country’s most profitable and well-known citrus farms. Other produce includes fodder, cotton and vegetables.
  • The central region is listed amongst the world’s 34 “hot spots” for its rich biological diversity found in its flora and fauna. In zoological and ecological terms, it is a paradise for sand animals.
  • Tel Aviv, known as the region’s main city and the second largest in Israel, was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its Bauhaus architecture in 2003.
  • The country’s independence was declared in Tel Aviv on May 5th, 1948.
  • Tel Aviv, also known as “Silicon Wadi”, was declared by Newsweek Magazine as one of the world’s ten most technologically influential cities.
  • Rishon Lezion, Israel’s fourth largest city and second modern Jewish village established prior to the founding of the state, is home to one of Israel’s largest wineries, the Carmel Winery.
  • In 2006 the Ayalon Cave was uncovered near Ramla, containing eight previously unidentified and unknown animal species. The case is Israel’s second longest subterranean chamber.
  • Rehovot is home to one of the world’s premier science academies, the Weizmann Institute of Science.

Facts of Interest

  • In 1909 Jewish immigrants purchased land near Jaffa consisting of empty sand dunes from Arabs residing in the north of the ancient city. This was the start of the city of Tel Aviv.
  • The Dan region, together with Mekorot Water Company, developed a comprehensive sewage reclamation project (Shafdan). This treats 150 million cubic meters of waste water a year, which is then transferred to the northern Negev region for agricultural purposes.
  • Tel Aviv, nicknamed “The Big Orange” for its famous Jaffa oranges, is amongst the world’s most cosmopolitan cities for its variety of languages and cultural backgrounds.
  • Evidence has been found by archeologists that testify to the fact that the region was inhabited 5,500 years ago during the Bronze Age.
  • Ancient and rare jewelry discovered in archeological sites throughout the country can be found in the Harry Oppenheimer Israel Diamond Museum. These jewels reveal great insight into the lifestyle and culture of the ancient Israelites.
  • The United Nation’s Marine Litter Report cited and praised Israel’s Clean Coast Program, whose main goal is to encourage the public’s involvement to clean up the coastal areas of the country.
  • The central region is home to Tel Aviv University, the largest university in Israel, which has an excellent reputation both locally and abroad.
  • Israel’s Military Industries, which currently takes up one of the largest areas in central Israel, is planning to transfer its operations to the southern part of the country.
  • An abundance of hippopotamus bones, uncovered in archeological excavations in the region, date back to prehistoric times. These were identified as the “behemoths” mentioned in the Bible.
  • More than 1,000 feet below the surface of the sea, off the region’s coast, scientists discovered the oldest vessels ever found in deep sea. They date back to 750 BCE and are considered ancient Phoenician shipwrecks believed to have been carrying wine on their way to Egypt from Lebanon.